The 1911 expedition to the South Pole

Amundsen set out for an expedition to the North Pole, but when both Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary claimed to have reached the pole in 1908 and 1909, respectively, Amundsen chose in secret to alter his plans. He turned the voyage South toward Artarctica, in a race with Scott to the South Pole. Amundsen reached the South Pole on December 14 1911, five weeks before Scott, who perished during his return journey.

Photos are courtesy of the the National Library of Norway and Norwegian Polar Institute.