Thursday 30 Nov. [Actually November 29]

The fog finally relented in the course of the night. Lovely, fine morning. Sparkling sunshine and clear. The huge new land lay there bathed in the rays of the morning sun – a wonderful fairy tale in blue and white.
  1. Now for the first time we could reasonably determine the altitude of G range. We agreed that the lowest summit could not be under 8,800 ft. The highest – 12,000 ft. The necessary observations have been taken. The clear weather gave us greater visibility. New ranges have appeared in a NE'ly direction and confirm my assumption. All these ranges are a continuation of E range. H range – bearings not yet taken – estimated between 12–20,000 ft.asl. – We also had a glimpse of the 'Great Beehive'. We could also see a continuation of this range towards the NW, but did not recognize it because it was not entirely clear.

– We have not gone fast today – all of 5 nautical miles. 'The Devil's Glacier' has lived up to its name. One has to move two miles to advance one. Chasm after chasm, abyss after abyss hasto be circumvented. Treacherous crevasses and masses of hummocks make progress extremely difficult. The digs struggle, and the drivers not less. It is tiring for us two who go ahead. HH ans I went out when we made camp this afternoon to survey the route for tomorrow. The terrain wasn't better – some places worse. This might take time. – Saw the continuation of F range towards the S. this afternoon. This seems a bit odd. – 8,700 ft.

This transcript comes from “Race for the South Pole - The Expedition Diaries of Scott and Amundsen” by Roland Huntford. It appears by courtesy of the author and The Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd.